Broca's Aphasia

What is Broca’s Aphasia?

So far, we’ve had two videos in our “What is Aphasia?” series: primary progressive aphasia and Wernicke’s aphasia. Today, we’re introducting a third form of aphasia: Broca’s aphasia.

So What is Broca’s Aphasia?

As the video states, Broca’s aphasia comes on suddenly, the result of a brain injury or stroke. It affects a person’s ability to speak and write. While people with this form of aphasia may understand everything said to them, they have difficulty finding words to express themselves or answer questions.

Sometimes they’re only able to speak in short phrases or one or two words at a time because speech takes effort. This leads to a lot of frustration. They know what they want to say, but they’re unable to say it.

The video provides background information about Broca’s aphasia as well as communication tips.

Thank you for helping us share these videos and get them out to the general public. We are so appreciative when you share them on social media platforms, direct email, or clinic newsletters. As we said at the end of our Aphasia Awareness Month video, we could all use more understanding in this world.



  • Anonymous
    December 30, 2018 at 3:22 am

    A suggestion: If you did the video with no background music, it would be easier for people with types of receptive aphasia… to hear the video. Thank you.

  • Anonymous
    January 16, 2019 at 10:13 am

    Broca’s Aphasia? It’s difficult and frustrating. Never Give Up!

    Jill Wright

  • Jill Wright
    January 16, 2019 at 10:19 am

    Broca’s Aphasia? It’s frustrating and difficult. Never Give Up!

  • Anonymous
    January 16, 2019 at 11:20 am

    I agree with the above comment re the background music being a distractor. Please also note that I experienced aphasia and still experience remnants, especially when physically tired.

    Kind regards,

    Don Brady, PhD, PsyD, NCSP, CAS

    Licensed Clinical Psychologist
    Nationally & N Y State Certified School Psychologist

  • Sandy Sexton
    January 16, 2019 at 11:59 am

    I have Broca’s aphasia. I had to view the video several times. Maybe, if the music was eliminated or even softer, and the commentator spoke a little slower, it would help me to view it only once. Thank you.

  • Anonymous
    January 16, 2019 at 1:46 pm

    I have had Broca’s aphasia since a meningioma was removed in March. I had speech therapy and have progressed a great deal…but I need more advice on how to be more fluent. I’ve tried reading out loud but I seem to have hit a wall.
    Pat Stone

  • Pat Stone
    January 16, 2019 at 1:57 pm

    I have had Broca’s aphasia since my surgery to remove a meningioma in March. I have had speech therapy ever since and have made much progress. But outside of being given the instructions to read out loud and continue with lumosity, I want some guidance.
    Pat Stone

  • alexander lawson
    January 16, 2019 at 4:45 pm

    I just love this stuff. I live by St Andrews, Scotland. I am male, 76, and hard of hearing, which is bad enough, but this difficulty of trying to connect those words buzzing around in my head, to my mouth, which usually always com, in time, or an alternative similar word saves the day. And as with taking messages in, and trying to pass them on, is very frustrating and not always correct. And same with writing, if I write, down a short sentence, or phrase, it is impossible for me to pass that onto someone verbally, with same word for word. It will mean the same, but not word for word. And trying to copy sentences from one sheet to another, takes ages, and will never be the same words. And I have to say, I could never repeat a phone number, or email address, in one go. Most folk think I am ‘wandered’ as we say here. I am a great grandfather, and it does make me weep inside, trying to communicate with my great grand children. OMG.. But I have yet to meet a doctor in Scotland, who has heard of aphasia. All they want to do, is classify one as having Parkinsons or dementia, and pump one up with the pills, and turn one into a zombie. Reading your stuff, is really encouraging, thank you, me alex.

  • Kevin P. Feeley
    January 16, 2019 at 11:36 pm

    Howdy folks: my name is Kevin. I have based my decision not to listen to the enclosed Broca’s aphasia video, on the aforementioned, supra, interactive testimonies; because I am all too aware of how extraneous visual and/or auditory input, can and does affect my own ability to target my own concentration onto my intended piece of interest – at such given point in time and space. As is the case regarding extraneous noise (back-ground music) interjected for subjective entertainment purposes, I would and decided to forego taking in this piece of subjective presentation. My own reasoning: as I am all too well aware of the fact that extraneous visual and/or auditory information a/k/a “Noise” can and does have a negative effect on my own ability to presently and productively take in and/or to convey information, I conscientiously choose to minimize extraneous, ergo, exigent noise, from my immediate environment, to the extent that such minimalization is or becomes practical for me to be able to do so; without intruding upon some other person’s present capability to carry-on with their own socially civic and presumably lawful activity within ears’ sounding distance.
    Wherein, exigent auditory “noise” seems to be the principle culprit in my own on-going battle against Broca’s aphasia, yes; concurrently, it has occurred the occasion, that the person, persons, people withe whom I was discussing any one particular topic, were they, themselves were ignorant of, and/or playing devil’s advocate, in some dilutional pretense of providing me withe their unsubstantiated clinical expertise in the area of sequelae stroke and/or brain injury therapy, that their uninformed, misinformed, and/or misdirected perception(s) were and/or did become somewhat of a hindrance to my own effort(s) to bring about my own remediation of my own difficulties in having to deal withe the sequelae of Broca’s aphasia, secondary to having endured the sequelae of a “severe’ traumatic brain injury”, i.e., Glascow coma scale: 4.0; juxtapose to the young lady that was unplugged withe a Glascow come scale rating of only: 2,8; wherein, the “Glascow come scale’s rating go from a 1-rating (being the least affected) to a severity of 15-rating (being the most severely affected) rating. yes. … wherein, I was injured as such during the 1987 annum; I have reaped the benefit of long-term reflection and evaluative time withe which to co-cursively observe my own status, socio-psychologically speaking. Please, I wish to apologize for my own pontification as regards this particular area of clinicalisms; necessary, as these observation(s) may or may not be. POST: 22:36 EST (USA), Wednesday. 16 January 2019.

  • Anonymous
    January 20, 2019 at 6:37 pm

    I have this disability (after a stroke 4 month as ago). I believe the government who require a way that people cannot ask voice to get them text or email, because to conversation on the phone. I get first rep to I have get a number to whom I asked — #1, #2, #3 . . . BUT NUMBERS JUMBLED!

  • Esther Nelson
    January 20, 2019 at 6:59 pm

    I have this disability (after a stroke 4 month as ago). I believe the government who require a way that people cannot ask voice to get them text or email, because to conversation on the phone. I get first rep to I have get a number to whom I asked — #1, #2, #3 . . . BUT NUMBERS JUMBLED! The bank say electronic not save.

    Would a credit card is people to put their photos to they can identified their faces? It is not instead the sign on the card, and it is not any secret. But if I call my pathetic and jumbled PLUS a my image. Perhaps would be among way to idenfied us on a magnetic on the card.

    I is get help hearing, but aphasia is anything like LEARN sign. But this people changes all the time. I can’t ever with record what time next what I was I have no what it was about!!!

  • Anonymous
    January 21, 2019 at 12:42 am

    Kevin. P. Feeley, howdy, back. May I say you are amazing? Fascinating and fun. To use hippy terminology, you are a trip. Salut! Anyway, going back to the conversation, yes, the background music could be quieter. Or perhaps have a music on / music off option? But I really appreciate the information, thank you National Aphasia Association. And I empathise with Alexander Lawson, a lot, too. Lots of medical people here in Sydney, Australia, just want to palm you off with medications, too. (Try being female and past a certain age, as well!! God help us all.) And they generally seem to have very little understanding of aphasia at all. Sometimes I just feel like saying Hey! I have a brain injury … but I am not stupid. The rest of my brain still works FINE, thank you very much. Oh, well. Keep smiling when possible, everyone.

  • Nichole G.
    January 24, 2019 at 11:18 am

    I entirely understand the comments regarding the background music being distracting for people with certain types of aphasia, and I agree with that comment for the audience of people who have such types of aphasia; however, I believe the intended audience during aphasia awareness month is the general public, and as a former music supervisor in film (the person who creates the soundtrack for the film with the director), I think that without the music, the general public would get bored and maybe not watch the whole thing. The music selection felt just right to me, because there are so many unresolved lines of melody within the 90 second piece that it somewhat subconsciously cause a person to keep watching the video just because they are waiting for the melody to resolve, which it does, in the end. I think the National Aphasia Association did a great job with the music selection for this video when the intended audience is the general public, while I also agree with the comments regarding the music being distracting for people with certain types of aphasia. Thus, I think it would be a great idea if there were 2 versions of the video – one with and one without music. I have Broca’s Aphasia, and the music was not distracting for me, personally, and in fact, it felt just right in tone because the mood of the music is just the right amount of “serious”, i.e., the music doesn’t undermine the seriousness of the issue, yet is light-hearted enough for me not to feel like, “poor me.” I have been using this video as a tool. I send it to people who I’m scheduled to communicate with so they will know in advance what things we can do to improve our communication. I think this is a fantastic, concise video, and everyone that I’ve sent this video to has responded very positively to it, mentioning that it really helped them learn how to communicate with me without losing patience.

    The only thing I disagree with about the video is the line about resisting the urge to finish people’s sentences for them or offer up words for them. When I can’t find my words in a conversation, somewhat involuntarily I just start saying, “word, word, word,” which clearly indicates to people that I’m trying to find a word. I usually start conversations with a preface about Broca’s Aphasia and I invite them to feel free to offer up words if they think they know where I’m going in a sentence, and if it’s not the right word, somehow, together, we come up with a word that is fitting for what I’m trying to say. I could perhaps be the only person with Broca’s Aphasia who feels this way, but I find it helpful when people offer up words, because I can always respond with, “it’s not quite like that, it’s more like (X)” and then together we find an appropriate word.

    Otherwise, thank you to the National Aphasia Association for providing a tool that I have been able to use to make so many of my conversations go so much more smoothly – fantastic job – thank you!

  • Rose Griffiths
    January 25, 2020 at 1:10 pm

    I had Brocas Aphasia. I as a nosy Liverpool. I can’t talk Liverpool as I am a Queens accent. But keep on fighting! Rose Griffiths

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